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In other words, if you have a task that needs 16 hours to complete starting on Monday AM if this is the time your work day starts, and 8 hours being total work hours in a day , and Tuesday being a holiday, the task will logically end on the evening of Wednesday. Enter the duration. Task 1 in the following screenshot You can also enter Start and Finish date and MS Project will calculate the duration on its own.
Task 3 and Task 4 in the following screenshot Note: In the above screenshot, Task 6 is scheduled to start on Sunday, which is a non- working day and ends on Wednesday. So essentially, one would believe that with these 3 days Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, the duration calculated would be 3 days.
But MS Project calculates it as 4 days. So one needs to be careful when choosing the start date of the task. Because for any successive operation, MS Project considers that Task 6 will take 4 days. The next time, you change the start date, the Finish date changes to reflect this 4-day duration.
Elapsed Duration Elapsed Duration is the time that elapses while some event is occurring which does not require any resources. Elapsed duration for a task can be used in instances where a task will go on round-the-clock without any stoppage. A normal workday has 8 hours, and an elapsed day duration will have 24 hours. The task also continues over non-working holidays and vacations and working days. So 1ew is seven hour days. And it takes 4 days for this to happen.
It does not need a resource or a work effort, and all you are doing is waiting for it to dry. You can use 4ed as the time duration, which signifies 4 elapsed days, the paint can dry regardless of whether it is a weekend or if it falls on a holiday. Here in this example, the drying occurs over 24 hours over the weekend.
They are used as major progress points to manage project success and stakeholder expectations. They are primarily used for review, inputs and budgets. Mathematically, a milestone is a task of zero duration. And they can be put where there is a logical conclusion of a phase of work, or at deadlines imposed by the project plan.
There are two ways you can insert a milestone. You can see the milestone appear with a rhombus symbol in the Gantt Chart View on the right. MS Project converts it to a Milestone. But one can also convert a task of non-zero duration into a Milestone. This is rarely used and causes confusion. Double-click a particular Task name. Task Information dialog box opens. Create Summary Task There can be a huge number of tasks in a project schedule, it is therefore a good idea to have a bunch of related tasks rolled up into a Summary Task to help you organize the plan in a better way.
It helps you organize your plan into phases. In MS Project , you can have several number of sub-tasks under any higher level task. These higher level tasks are called Summary Task. At an even higher level, they are called Phases. Remember because summary task is not a separate task entity but a phase of the project with several sub-tasks in it, the duration of the summary task is from the start of the first sub-task to the finish of the last sub-task.
This will be automatically calculated by MS Project. Of course, you can enter a manual duration of the summary task as well which could be different from the automatically calculated duration. MS Project will keep track of both but this can cause significant confusion.
In most cases, you should ensure that there is no manually entered duration for any task you will be using as a Summary Task. If you would like to group Task 4 and Task 5 into a Summary Task 1. You can do it in two ways. Method 1 Select the names of Task 4 and Task 5. Rename it to Summary Task 1. Method 2 You can click Task 4 row. You can rename the Task. Here it is renamed as Summary Task 1. Now select Task 4 and Task 5. For example, Task 2 can start once Task 1 has finished.
These dependencies are called Links. A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge PMBOK Guide does not define the term dependency, but refers to it as a logical relationship, which in turn is defined as a dependency between two activities, or between an activity and a milestone. In MS Project, the first task is called a predecessor because it precedes tasks that depend on it.
The following task is called the successor because it succeeds, or follows tasks on which it is dependent. Any task can be a predecessor for one or more successor tasks.
Likewise, any task can be a successor to one or more predecessor tasks. There are only four types of task dependencies, here we present them with examples. Most used.
One does not have to finish collecting survey response before starting the tabulation. Least used. Method 1 Select the two tasks you want to link. In the following screenshot taken as an example, we have selected names, Task 1 and Task 2.
Task 1 and Task 2 are linked with a Finish-to-Start relationship. A drop down box appears with all Tasks defined in the project. Choose the predecessor task. Click OK. Here I have chosen Task 3. All tasks get linked. To select non-adjacent tasks, hold down Ctrl key and select each task separately. Respect Links If you are in Manually Scheduled mode, any change in duration of the predecessor task will not reflect on Start date of Task 4.
Scheduling is controlled in two ways. Manual Scheduling: This is done to quickly capture some details without actually scheduling the tasks. It calculates values such as task durations, start dates, and finish dates automatically.
It takes into accounts all constraints, links and calendars. For example, at Lucerne Publishing, the new book launch plan has been reviewed by the resources who will carry out the work and by other project stakeholders. Although you expect the plan to change somewhat as you learn more about the book launch, you now have enough confidence in the overall plan to switch from manual to automatic task scheduling. Converting Task to Automatic Schedule We have three different methods to convert a task to automatic schedule.
Method 1 If you want to change the mode for a particular task, say Task 5 in the following example. Click on Task Mode cell in the same row. Then, click the down arrow to open a dropdown box, you can select Auto Scheduled.
Method 3 To switch completely to Auto Schedule mode: Toggle the scheduling mode of the plan by clicking the New Tasks status bar at the bottom-left and then selecting Auto scheduling mode. Description : This tutorial shows you how to start a new Java project in Eclipse. Size : 1. Creating an Adobe Captivate 9 Project. Tutorial to contribute to the CPython project Python. Access An introduction.
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PDF file byPeter Lavin. Adobe Captivate 8. Adobe Captivate 5. Description : This booklet explains how to create a Captivate project based on methods, import your PowerPoint presentation, or record your screen in a Software Simulation. Description : This tutorial will show you how to export your project as a runnable JAR file that anyone can open to run your program. Oracle Business Process Management. Description : This project is to deploy Oracle BPM environment on a lab environment and demonstrate business process implementation for a Loan Application Assessment process.
Size : 4. In these latter cases, the analyst wants tasks to start together or finish together. To change the link type, identify the starting task by clicking on it.
Select the predecessors tab and click on the link type field. To do so, begin in the Gantt View with the Entry table visible. Slide the partition to the right to expose as much of the entry table as possible. You should see two side-by-side columns the start column and the finish column. By changing any of the dates in these columns, you are setting a hard date constraint. If you do so, a flag will appear in the very first column of the entry table, the column labeled I for information.
If you rest the cursor on that flag, a message appears that informs you of the hard date constraint that has been applied to the task. Only one hard date constraint can be set per task at the start date or at the stop date, but not both. Resources can be places, departments, businesses, people, equipment–anything required to complete an activity. When you create an assignment, you assign a resource to a task.
The resource issue makes the project. You can assign: Individual resources Assign resources part time Several resources Remove resources from a task Replace one resource with another. In the Task name field, select the task to which you have to assign a resource. Click on the assign resource button on the tool bar button with 2 faces on it. In the Name field, type in the name of the resource. Click assign. This is a bad assumption in the software business because as Brooks  pointed out, men and months are not interchangeable unless there is no interaction between them.
If you decide to split your job with another person, you will have to spend some time training the other person to do your part of the job. Then you will have to interact with the other person as the two of you together build the interfaces that are necessary between each person s module s.
Clearly, the time is not split in half. In the Task name field, select the task to which you have to remove a resource. Click on the assign resource button button with 2 faces on it. Select the resource you want to remove. Click Remove. To print the required view,. The numbers to the left will appear automatically if you add the WBS column as demonstrated in class. The numbers shown in the WBS column above are there to indicate subordination.
This is precisely what the 1. Likewise, Management Supervisor Technical Clerical. Notice that, for the walk-throughs, all resources get assigned. MS Project will try to cut the duration to something less than one day.
You must re-set the duration to one day for the walk-throughs once all resources have been assigned. Explain why summary tasks have no stated duration in the table above. Explain why the first subordinate task immediately below a summary task has no predecessor.
The end result of all of these tasks and assignment entries is the following:. It also helps you to determine how closely the final project cost matches its estimated cost and also helps in planning for the future. For hourly rates, you can assign a standard rate, which is the rate you pay a resource during normal working hours. Rate is the amount you will pay the resource for any overtime that it does.
To resources that charge a flat amount to do a job, you can assign a fixed cost per use. On the View baron the left, click Resource sheet 2. In the Std. Rate, Ovt. On the View Bar, click Gantt Chart. On the View menu, click on Table, select Cost from the list and then click on Cost.
In the Fixed Cost field for the task, type-in the cost 4. A fixed resource cost is added to other resource costs when MS Project calculates the total cost of a task, but doesn t depend on the time a resource spends working on the task. In the Task Name field, select a task. On the Window menu, click Split.
In the Resource Name field, select the resource name. If a new, undefined resource is to be assigned, it must be added to the list, so do so. On the format menu, point to details and then click Resource Cost. In the Task type box, click Fixed Duration. In the units field for the resource, type 0 and then click OK 8. In the Cost field, type the fixed resource cost. On the Window menu, click Remove Split. Notice how this task is displayed on the Gantt Chart.
You can:. View cost per resource. View the total project cost. View cost per task The sum of individual task costs make up most if not all of the total project cost. To view the total cost of each task 1. On the vertical View Bar on the left, click Gantt Chart.
Select View on the menu bar, click Table, and then choose Cost. Scroll the table on the left to view the Total Cost field. Alternatively, pull the partition back to the right to view more of the table and less of the Gantt Chart. View the cost per Resource This helps you to know the total cost of that resource for all the tasks the resource is assigned to. On the vertical View Bar on the left, click Resource Sheet. On the Project menu, click Project Information. Click Statistics.
Perhaps you would like to view project costs on the Entry table which is the default table that loads up with MS Project when it is booted.
You would like an additional column to appear right after the name field and right before the duration field. First position the highlight anywhere in the duration column. The click on the insert item on the menu bar. Then, click on Column In the Column Definition dialog box that appears, click on the drop down arrow associated with the Field Name field, the first field in the box. The list of columns that you can insert appear alphabetized by name.
Scroll to cost and click on it. Now, click on the OK button in the upper right corner of the box. The column now appears in your table exactly where you want it. And, now you can see all of your costs.
The main goals of analyzing your project plan are to: Shorten the schedule, to meet project deadline. Distribute the work load evenly, by resolving resource over allocations, so that no resources are overworked. Reduce costs to a minimum, to save money and complete the project within your budget. The main factors that affect how MS Project determines a task s start and finish dates are: Placement. In a logically ordered set of tasks, the tasks are usually performed in the order in which they appear in the task list.
Several factors affect duration, but, in general, the longer the duration you enter, the later a task finishes. Meet the Project program Project can be the go-to tool in your project-management toolbox. Project is a powerful program that you can use to plan and manage a wide range of projects. From meeting crucial deadlines and budgets to selecting the right resources, you can be more productive and realize better results by using the set of features Project offers.
Work with summary data initially, and then shift to a more detailed approach when needed. Project builds on previous versions to provide powerful project-management tools.
Meet the Project family The Project desktop program is available in two different editions: Project Standard This edition is the entry-level desktop program with which you can create, modify, and track plans. Project Professional This edition includes all the functionality of Project Standard plus a few additional features, such as the Team Planner view.
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